|Title||Photo-thermal tumor ablation in mice using near infrared-absorbing nanoparticles|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||O'Neal, DP, Hirsch, LR, Halas, N, Payne, JD, West, JL|
|Pagination||171 - 176|
|Keywords||hyperthermia; Laser; Minimally invasive therapy; nanoshells; nanotechnology; near infrared|
The following study examines the feasibility of nanoshell-assisted photo-thermal therapy (NAPT). This technique takes advantage of the strong near infrared (NIR) absorption of nanoshells, a new class of gold nanoparticles with tunable optical absorptivities that can undergo passive extravasation from the abnormal tumor vasculature due to their nanoscale size. Tumors were grown in immune-competent mice by subcutaneous injection of murine colon carcinoma cells (CT26.WT). Polyethylene glycol (PEG) coated nanoshells (≈130 nm diameter) with peak optical absorption in the NIR were intravenously injected and allowed to circulate for 6 h. Tumors were then illuminated with a diode laser (808 nm, 4 W/cm2, 3 min). All such treated tumors abated and treated mice appeared healthy and tumor free >90 days later. Control animals and additional sham-treatment animals (laser treatment without nanoshell injection) were euthanized when tumors grew to a predetermined size, which occurred 6–19 days post-treatment. This simple, non-invasive procedure shows great promise as a technique for selective photo-thermal tumor ablation.
|Short Title||Cancer Letters|