|Title||Nitric oxide-generating polymers reduce platelet adhesion and smooth muscle cell proliferation|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2000|
|Authors||Bohl, KS, West, JL|
|Pagination||2273 - 2278|
|Keywords||hydrogels; photopolymerization; restenosis; thrombosis|
We have developed polymeric biomaterials capable of providing localized and sustained production of nitric oxide (NO) for the prevention of thrombosis and restenosis. In the current study, we have characterized the kinetics of NO production by these materials and investigated their efficacy in reducing platelet adhesion and smooth muscle cell proliferation in vitro. Three nitric oxide donors with different half-lives were covalently incorporated into photopolymerized polyethylene glycol hydrogels. Under physiological conditions, NO was produced by these hydrogels over periods ranging from hours to months, depending upon the polymer formulation. NO production was inhibited at acidic pH, which may be useful for storage of the materials. The NO-releasing materials successfully inhibited smooth muscle cell growth in culture. Platelet adhesion to collagen-coated surfaces was also inhibited following exposure of whole blood to NO-producing hydrogels. The effects of NO production by these hydrogels on platelet adhesion and the proliferation of smooth muscle cells suggest that these materials could reduce thrombosis and restenosis following procedures such as balloon angioplasty.